The cover of "And Those Who Continued Living in Turkey after 1915"

Peroomian’s “And Those Who Continued Living in Turkey after 1915”

by | June 20th, 2010 | 2 comments
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And Those Who Continued Living in Turkey after 1915. Rubina Peroomian, Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute, 2008, 277pp.

This work, the second of Peroomian’s trilogy, is a timely treatise, well researched, revelatory and quite touching for any reader, Armenian, Turkic or other. It provides information and lays the groundwork for what, hopefully, is yet to come (perhaps already on the way) – an open ended evolution of the ethnic, cultural and socio-political identities of Armenians and Turks alike. An evolution that melts away the insistence, the maximizing and the minimizing on both sides, re-forming mind sets through a humanizing that focuses on the impermanence and insignificance of all things human, except the need to connect, just because. The first of the trilogy is a follow up to Peroomian’s Literary Reponses to Catastrophe: A Comparison of the Armenian and the Jewish Experience. According to the author, the last shall be on the historical memory of the Armenian Genocide in Soviet Armenian literature. Bibliography, index and a brief summary in Armenian follows the English text of this well articulated volume.

This volume is not about what happened but what happened after what happened – the interplay of historical memory and the political & psychological forces forging·· identity, the “lifelong compunction” for the compromise, the regret, the guilt, the “dialogue of the self with the collective past in the context of the present.” One’s exposure to post Genocide Turkic Armenian writers is a treat, especially to those who do not know much about the literary scene in Turkey after 1915. The parallels between documented fact and the written word, as well as their juxtapositions create art to life as in life to art relationships between the Diasporic and the Turkic. The information gap between Turks and Armenians continues to narrow. The author’s words: metamorphosis, continued living, identity are integral to this process.

It is apparent that both Armenians and Turks have metamorphosed monolithically because of the Genocide, both suffering from unhealthy intergenerational connections, fear, shame, repression, survival angst. They share a trauma, differently. This trauma, further heightened by erasing, repressing or insisting on a collective memory of choice, has molded identity in such manner as to redeem and safeguard the self and create homogeneity. To create homogeneity is to avoid risk, while risk is in the very essence of life. No memorable art or literature can follow. Culture is in the demise. The soul is weeping.

Shattered souls, distorted outlook. The answer is neither silence nor clinging to an “over-determined sense of Armenianness” or Turkicness for that matter. Ah, the shades of grey we must embrace in identity and life. Peroomian’s work makes us think twice, thrice, no – more times. Clarities and awareness come from such good read. One contemplates to realign. Yes, “The brigade of the sturdy” (p.136) is heart-sinking. And yes, the dehumanization described in this work reminds one of similar practices depicted in Naomi Klein’s recent publication, The Shock Doctrine. One may think that not much has changed since the Yeghem of almost a hundred years ago. Yet, the author successfully “loosens the knot” between the personal and the collective experiences of all post Genocide Armenians: Christian, Islamized, hidden, other, as well as all Turks. Towards the end (p.172), Peroomian asks two questions, we answer. Yes, we can go forward with a new mindset; and no, it is not possible to let go of the memory of what happened. Here’s metamorphosis indeed, and continued living with renewed identity, facilitating dialogue.

Exclusion is a disease that hinders renewal, and Armenians do not want to be called gavur or “rejects of the sword” anymore than the Turks want to be proclaimed “murderers.” We need to evolve to survive, and identity evolves through culture – the poetry of life – and the mutuality created thereof. A mutuality fostered through art, literature and music. Yes, Peroomian, “A new reality is in the making.”

And Those Who Continued Living in Turkey after 1915 is available at Abril Bookstore.


  1. Jennifer says:

    Lately I have been quite interested learning more about the Armenians who stayed in Turkey after the Genocide and (luckily for me) this interest has come at a time when many books are being published and lectures being held that address this topic. Needless to say, I was thrilled to see this review last week and quickly ordered the book. I really hope that Ararat Magazine considers writing more book reviews in the future as it’s a great way to expose readers to the various and diverse research projects currently being pursued in the field of Armenian Studies.

    In addition to an overview of the different “kinds” of Armenians living in Turkey today, the author also examines questions of Armenian identity in the Diaspora and gives a brief introduction to Turkish-Armenian literature and poetry (citing names and works for the reader to investigate further).

    What I found particularly fascinating were accounts of Armenians who converted to Islam to escape the massacres, but who are still face fierce discrimination generations later. Despite renouncing their faith and suppressing their ethnic identity in an attempt to appease the community and the government, they are still ostracized for the blood that runs through their veins; regrettably, this blood is the only trait that distinguishes these Armenians from their Turkish neighbors, being as they have lost their ancestral language, ethnic identity and distinct cultural practices.

    For anyone else interested in this topic, I would recommend “My Grandmother” by Fethiye Cetin, which is an autobiography of a Turkish lawyer who discovers her Armenian ancestry and is forced to reevaluate her personal understanding of identity. “Rebel Land” by Christopher de Bellaigue also has some interesting chapters about hidden Armenians in Eastern Turkey, but the majority of the book deals with the Kurds.

    Happy Reading!